What is Dyslexia? A Brief Overview.

Dyslexia, commonly known as the “reading disorder.” It is a learning disorder that affects the ability to read, spell, speak and write in people. Dyslexia has nothing to do with the smartness or motivation to learn. People and kids with Dyslexia have trouble reading at a good pace and without any mistakes. They may also suffer from a difficult time with comprehension while spelling, reading and writing. 

Dyslexia is one of the most common conditions that makes it difficult for people to read. Experts believe that almost 5 to 10% of people suffer from Dyslexia. Other experts also suggest that 17% of people showcase signs of reading challenges. 

Kids, as well as adults both, can suffer from dyslexia where they typically have strawberry comprehending in reading fluently. You’ll often find kids and adults suffering from dyslexia reading very slowly and making a lot of mistakes. Their speed in speech and that fluency are impacted the most and they often even have problems understanding the texts. 

Dyslexia can result in several other difficulties in skills including writing, analytical thinking, mathematics, spelling errors and comprehensive reading or understanding. A lot of people have a misconception that people with dyslexia sometimes suffer from vision problems. It is also a misconception that dyslexic people often read by reversing letters and writing backwards. However, experts explain that dyslexia aren’t an issue with reading or writing but an issue with language. 

Signs & Symptoms of Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a neurological condition that can affect and impact people in a variety of ways. The ways can showcase symptoms that might not look the same from one person to another. The primary sign and symptom of dyslexia are having trouble decoding words where they lose the ability to match the sounds and the letters of the word. Plenty of kids suffer from this symptom and also struggle with phonemic awareness which is the ability to distinguish between the sounds used in the words. A lot of kids also show symptoms of dyslexia in their advanced years there they have trouble with Complex skills including fluency in reading, writing and speaking, problems while structuring a sentence and grammar. 

Some of the most common signs of dyslexia that can be found in people are as follows: 
– Delayed development in language right since the early years 
– Difficulty recognising the difference between words and their corresponding sounds 
– Difficulty differentiating between similar sounds of words 
– Delayed learning of new words, understanding grammar and vocabulary 
– Exertion keeping a track of notes in a classroom for copying from the board 
– Struggle in spelling skills 
– Difficulty remembering content from a video or a book 
– No coordination and having trouble playing games and sports 

Types of Dyslexia
There are six major types of dyslexia. 

Primary dyslexia:
 It is one of the most common types of dyslexia and can be defined as a dysfunction in the left side of the brain which cannot be changed even with age. Primary dyslexia are severe in the symptoms showing disability in individuals. However, individuals who receive proper intervention in education and psychology can become academically successful. Primary dyslexia are a type of dyslexia that occurs mostly through genes or through genetic mutations. Experts also suggest that primary dyslexia are mostly found in boys than girls. Nevertheless, that is debatable.

Secondary dyslexia: 
Also called as developmental dyslexia, secondary dyslexia are a type of dyslexia that is caused by the problems that occur as the brain develops during the early stage of development. Developmental dyslexia begin during foetal development but diminishes as the child matures. 

Trauma dyslexia: 
As the name suggests, trauma dyslexia are the type that occurs after a form of brain trauma or injury to a particular area of the brain that controls the ability to read and write. Trauma dyslexia is rarely seen today amongst the current paediatric population. 

The remaining types of dyslexia include visual dyslexiaauditory dyslexia and dysgraphia. Visual dyslexia is a type where the individual finds it hard to visually process and interpret graphic or pictorial signals. Auditory dyslexia is similar to visual processing dyslexia however individuals will find it difficult to process sounds and speech together. Dysgraphia, on the other hand, refers to the difficulty in gaining the ability to control or hold a pen or pencil to put the correct markings as instructed.

Dyslexia can be a difficult disorder to diagnose. Still, there are plenty of factors that the psychologist and neurologists can review to diagnose the disability in adults and kids. Proper testing with the help of a leading Neurologist can help assess the situation of the individual related to the auditory, visual, or kinesthetics abilities.