Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children

 Keyword: Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children

Our nervous system is a complex, dynamic system that controls and organizes bodily functions, the human nervous system is vulnerable to a multitude of conditions and can be harmed by traumas, structural abnormalities, blood flow disturbance, and other factors. Nervous system diseases encompass a wide spectrum of illnesses that can be chronic or caused by external causes. In comparison to adults, children’s brains are extremely delicate. 

The brain develops and expands from the moment a newborn is created until around the age of 26. Genes, as well as traumatic experiences, influence brain development, and due to this, some children may suffer difficulties that result in neurological illnesses. We will cover an overview of nervous system disorders in children in this blog by Dr. Rakesh Jain.

Before moving to the topic of Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children we will first know about what is the nervous system and how it functions?

The nervous system is the most complicated and well-organized in the human body. It takes information from the sensory organs by nerves, sends it to the brain via the spinal cord, and processes it. The nervous system regulates most of our internal processes, from muscle movement and blood vessel dilatation to learning anatomy and physiology information, as well as our body’s reactions to the outside environment.

The nervous system has two parts

  • The central nervous system
  • The peripheral nervous system

The Central Nervous System is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The Peripheral Nervous System is made up of nerves and sensory organs. Nervous Tissue Neurons Transmit Quick Signals. The Nervous System’s Activators Are Neurotransmitters. The Spinal Cord sends and receives signals from the brain, as well as controlling responses. Views are linked to complex thought, memory, and emotion in the brain.

Neurological diseases can be caused by a variety of factors. They can occur at any point during a child’s existence, from before birth to later in life. Idiopathic disorders are those in which there is no clear explanation for the condition. The majority of diseases, on the other hand, fit into one of the following categories:

  1. Gene or chromosomal abnormalities, metabolic diseases, or congenital malformations are all examples of congenital (or present at birth) conditions.
  2. Pre/Perinatal – This group includes factors like a difficult delivery, a low birth weight, a lack of oxygen, infections, and exposure to environmental pollutants.
  3. Traumatic brain damage, immunological diseases, infections, spinal cord injuries, cancers, and environmental poisons are examples of acquired injuries that develop after birth.

The best method to deal with nervous system issues is to enlist the aid of a medical team. Even if you don’t require all of the team members at any one moment, it’s useful to know who they are and how they may help. A nervous system disease’s symptoms vary depending on which component of the nervous system is afflicted and what is causing it. Nervous system diseases can progress over time, causing loss of function. They can also appear out of nowhere, providing a life-threatening threat.

It’s necessary to accurately diagnose your child’s illness to receive adequate therapy. Because there are so many different neurological diseases, your infant may exhibit a wide range of symptoms. Medical professionals may detect signs as soon as the baby is born, or you may not discover additional issues until a few days after the baby is born. And the signs and symptoms might be difficult to recognize at times. Seizures, for example, can be apparent, but they can also be subtle in other situations, such as pseudotumor. The most frequent symptoms of nervous system diseases are listed below. However, each kid will have distinct symptoms, and various diseases will produce different symptoms.  Among the signs and symptoms are:

Spasms and seizures are involuntary jerking movements that might affect one muscle or the body. It is a significant indicator of some sort of epileptic condition wherever these occur, never ignore these conditions in your kid this may cause miserable damage to the entire nervous system.

Muscle problems:
If your kid walks or moves in an especially inflexible posture, or if they don’t seem to be able to handle their arms and legs, making them seem floppy like a puppet, an examination is required.

Around the period a kid begins to crawl or walk, this can be noticed. A lagging walk, squatting rather than standing upright, and balancing on toes are all symptoms of this condition.

There are two circumstances when it comes to attention problems. On the one hand, your youngster may find it difficult to concentrate for lengthy periods. While a child’s capacity to pay attention improves with age, those with neurological problems do not. The youngster who is so focused on one item that the rest of the surroundings go undetected is on the other end of the spectrum.

“Prevention is better than cure”
Early detection of a neurological disease offers your child the best hope of leading a healthy life. Many neurological diseases in children may require therapy throughout their lives, but early intervention might help to reduce the difficulties that come with such a disability. If you observe any abnormalities in your baby’s growth schedule an appointment with our pediatric neurologist at Complete Neurological Care right away.

Get enough rest, eat a healthy diet, and exercise regularly. The single most common cause of nervous system disorders in older individuals may be excessive medication usage. Avoid caffeinated beverages like colas, which can induce disorientation and memory loss. If you can’t hear or see well, have your hearing or eyesight examined. It’s difficult for your brain to record information if you can’t hear or see properly.

The brain’s continuous changes affect one’s personality, ideas, and interactions with the environment. In this situation, a child’s brain and nervous system are critical to his or her survival. Every illness has a remedy and may be cured with the right information and perseverance. This overview of nervous system disorders in children can help you and any youngster around you recognize a disorder and maybe save a child’s life. Never turn down information in any form, absorb medical knowledge since it may assist you at any point in your life.